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Published February 7, 2019 | English (Second Language)

Afternoon Tea with Seniors: A Model of Community Engagement Teaching

This community engaged teaching activity, funded by the Entente Canada-Québec relative à l’enseignement dans la langue de la minorité et à l’enseignement des langues secondes provided students learning English as a second language (ESL) the opportunity to interact with native speakers while integrating meaningful community service and the use of technology to collaborate at a distance. Students and teachers from 4 colleges collaborated around shared goals. The teachers developed projects that would allow the students to apply course content to real world contexts in their community.

Several teachers participated in this action-research project:

  • Erin Clarke (ESL-101B) and Rachel Tunnicliffe (ESL-102/103B) from College Mérici
  • Aaron Brozovic (ESL-101B) College Laflèche
  • Melanie Doyle (Social Services: Human Development) from Dawson College
  • Genevieve Aboud (World Geography) and Kory Goldberg (Society and Environment) from Champlain-St.Lambert

There are several interesting stories that could be told about the various collaborations that took place. For this article, I interviewed Erin Clarke, the project coordinator, to find out more about the community engagement strategy and how it played out at Merici.

Objectives

Many of the students in Erin’s class study in the Special Care Counselling program thus, the basic premise of the project was to offer the students the opportunity to use their second language skills in a community outreach activity that would require real-world skills for their future career. Students would interview people who may experience isolation and loneliness because of their inability to communicate in French. Students would use coping strategies, to deal with loneliness, learned in their program courses. This clientele could be English-speaking seniors living in the province from a time when they didn’t have to learn French necessarily. Also singled out were newcomers from other provinces (e.g. spouses of military personnel stationed in Quebec City) and people who arrive from other countries as refugees. Community organizations and church groups were contacted to find volunteers to meet with the students.

Student interviewing a senior citizen over tea. (Photo Attribution)

Another objective was to get students to connect with students from English CÉGEPs who are doing essentially the same thing in their program core classes. Erin collaborated with Melanie Doyon from Dawson College who gives a human development class. Both groups of students would be looking at the senior population from the same angle. They could add to or contribute to each other’s research. Students discussed what they felt were some of the issues of this population and collaborated on creating questions they could ask when interviewing the seniors.

Digital smarts

Students collaborated on linkr an educational platform that allows "Student Interaction and Collaboration without Boundaries". Students easily learned to use the necessary tools for the project. She gave her students certain requirements and they would figure out what technology to use, without her, as a ESL teacher, doing it for them. For instance, she asked her students to record the interview with the English speaker so that she could listen to it and make sure they respected the requirements (remain on task, speak only in English, use formal language). She didn’t tell the students how to get the recording to her. On their own, they decided to use the recording app on their cell phones and Dropbox to share the file with the teacher. They were able to use their technology, the tools they were already familiar with.

Teachers do not have to know how to do everything. Sometimes, we, as teachers, forget that students are leaps and bounds ahead of us when it comes to technology. All we have to do is say “we want this…” and let students figure out how to do it.

Erin Clarke

Students can figure out how to use digital tools on their own. (Photo Attribution)

Tips

Here are some tips that Erin gave if you wish to start such a project as well as examples of how the teachers went about it.

Ideas and practical examples from Erin & Melanie’s collaboration
Ideas to remember when designing a community project. It is important to: Practical examples from Erin & Melanie’s collaboration:
Consider both student learning goals and community needs.
  • Certain populations in the community (seniors, newcomers, refugees) may experience isolation due to the language barrier.
  • Students learning English need to practice conversation with a native speaker.
  • Students need to master the skills of the ICT Profile for College Students.
Set realistic project goals that are manageable for the students within the time frame of the course.
  • Teachers incorporated scaffolding to guide students through different steps of the project.
  • Students were given time in class to prepare certain aspects of the project.
Weave the project into the class content by including readings, conferences by guest speakers as well as discussions on the topic.
  • Students read & summarize texts (they found on Internet) related to the client population they would be working with.
  • Students attended lectures by guest speakers on each of the client populations.
  • Students collaborated with students from other colleges and shared ideas on how to best approach their clientèle.
Prepare the students to complete the project successfully for instance, by providing necessary skills training.

ESL students were taught:

  • telephone skills in English to be able to set an appointment with the interviewee
  • the level of formal English appropriate for use with seniors
  • remote communication skills for dealing with students from other colleges
  • how to find relevant and quality information on Internet

Wrap-up

Many teachers do not use community engaged teaching because they believe that takes precious time away from content teaching. However, this pedagogy can, not only bridge the gap between campus and community, it can help develop the students’ knowledge of certain issues and their understanding of relevant theory. The seniors who participated in this project felt a sense of purpose and said they truly enjoyed meeting these young people.

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